Yes, in the 1st six words of Olivier Award–nominated musical Six, we learn the fate of each and every of Henry VIII’s spouses. But simply how much are you aware about their everyday lives?
Writers Toby Marlow and Lucy Moss dug to the reputation for Tudor England while the royal court for the words for their pop music opera, and greater historic knowledge means greater appreciation associated with the nuances in Marlow and Moss’ writing. Listed below are the CliffsNotes to assist you navigate this chapter in Uk history.
Catherine of Aragon Queen from 1509–1533The “paragon of royalty” was the very first spouse of Henry VIII. A spanish princess, she ended up being the child of Isabelle and Ferdinand, hence the Latin beats and Spanish trumpets inside her Six solo “No Way.” Catherine first married Arthur (Henry’s older bro and heir apparent to your English throne) in 1501 whenever she ended up being 15. But five months after their wedding, Arthur passed away. Arthur’s dad almost needed to get back her dowry, however a King would not spend money—or alliances that are european. He married her down to their more youthful son, Henry VIII, in 1509, though Henry had been 5 years her junior. She faithfully served England, ruling as regent in 1513 when Henry ended up being away in France. But once she neglected to create a male heir, things got complicated. Along with her pregnancy that is fifth provided birth to Mary (the long run Mary we of England), but Henry became preoccupied with siring a kid. He became believing that their wedding to his brother’s widow had been cursed by Jesus, or, as Catherine sings, “You state it is a shame ‘cause quoting Leviticus ‘I’ll find yourself kidiless all my entire life.’”
It’s commonly thought he utilized the Bible as a justification to divorce the Spanish princess with a want to marry her woman in waiting, Anne Boleyn. Catherine had been furious he cast her apart; she had tolerated their affairs (“I’ve never destroyed control no matter what often times we knew you lied”) as any Queen had been anticipated. Furthermore, Catherine maintained that she had never consummated her wedding to Arthur—so that’s the wedding which was null. Complicated, we all know. Since the track recommends, Catherine declined an annulment, claiming until her death that she had been the rightful Queen. Catherine had been provided for a” that is“nun-ry sooner or later relocated to The greater amount of Castle. She passed away in 1536 in the chronilogical age of 50, nevertheless keeping she ended up being really the only wife that is legitimate of VIII.
Anne Boleyn Queen from 1533–1536Though affairs amongst the King along with his Queen’s women in waiting were common and anticipated, no body expected him to go out of Catherine to wed Anne—the sibling of their mistress that is former that. Anne was raised during the court of this Queen of France before going back house to England to become listed on the royal court.
Anne Boleyn can be depicted since the devious spouse, presumably plotting to dethrone Catherine—unsatisfied to be only a mistress, “some girl in a threesome.” Henry and Anne married in key January 25, 1533; they got the Archbishop to declare Henry’s wedding to Catherine null and their brand new marriage to Anne valid—thus breaking through the Catholic Church and starting the Church of England. Anne had been crowned queen 1, 1533; she soon gave birth to a girl, the future Elizabeth I june. But after three miscarriages, Henry took a brand new mistress: Jane Seymour. Needing option to rid himself of Anne, Henry advertised that Anne had bewitched him while he had been hitched to Catherine. Anne possibly flirted with a few men “just to help make him jel,” but that merely resulted in accusations of incest and adultery. She had been beheaded during the Tower of London may 15, 1536, at age 35.
Fun reality: Historians think Henry VIII had written “Greensleeves” for Anne Boleyn, who he had been wanting to woo. Thus, the techno remix of “Greensleeves” in “Ex-Wives.”
Jane Seymour Queen from 1536–1537Just as Anne Boleyn overtook the lady she served, Jane Seymour ended up being a lady-in-waiting to Queen Anne, after serving Queen Catherine. Henry VIII became betrothed to Jane one after Anne’s execution day. Jane offered delivery up to a son, Edward, in October 1537 and passed away fourteen days later on of postnatal problems. Jane is usually regarded as the favourite, as she actually is the actual only real spouse Henry freely mourned while the just one to get a queen’s funeral, which is the reason why her song in Six is one of just like a energy ballad—even if it she sings that “without my son your love could fade away.” Henry VIII had been sooner or later hidden beside her at Windsor Castle.
Anne of Cleves Queen from January 1540–July 1540Anne of Cleves lasted only sixth months as Queen, but she kept her mind. Musician Hans Holbein younger went along to Germany to paint Anne along with her cousin, as Henry VIII considered which will be their 4th spouse. (We read about these travels in “Haus of Holbein.”)
Nevertheless when Anne arrived after her portrait, Henry felt she “didn’t didn’t appearance like her profile image.” She revealed a lack that is general of, “sippin’ on mead and I also spill it on my dress,” which additionally displeased the royal. Essentially, the master made excuses for their displeasure along with her and discovered another reason to be rid of her, saying there is absolutely no way she had been a virgin once they wed. Awarded an annulment, Anne stayed in favor with all the King and sometimes checked out court throughout the reigns for the last two queens. She died in 1557.
Catherine Howard Queen from 1540–1541Catherine, better referred to as Kitty ultius, had been very very long the thing of intimate attention as recommended in “All You Wanna Do.” She was molested by her music instructor, Henry Mannox, as he ended up being 36 ( maybe maybe maybe not 23 as Six states) and she 13. At 15, she relocated along with her grandmother, “the dowager Duchess,” and became fans with “sexy secretary” Francis Dereham—an event that could started to haunt her later on. Her grandmother discovered the affair and sent her towards the Tudor court.
Like her relative, Anne Boleyn, she served as being a lady-in-waiting however in the court of Anne of Cleves. The master had been 49 yrs old as he married the 16-year-old. Nevertheless the gossips at court—some of who had witnessed her behavior with Dereham—quickly distribute term that Catherine ended up being committing adultery behind Henry’s straight straight back with Henry’s courtier Thomas Culpeper. Culpepper, Dereham, and Catherine had been all performed (Dereham had been drawn and quartered). Catherine, beheaded February 13, 1542, had been buried in a grave that is unmarked.
Catherine Parr Queen from 1543-1547The final spouse of Henry VIII lived in constant concern about her very own execution. Ahead of her wedding to King Henry VIII, she had two past husbands and had been widowed both in instances. She had dropped deeply in love with Thomas Seymour (Jane’s bro) before she caught the optical attention of this King. As well as in “I Don’t Need Your Love,” she pleads with Thomas to keep her alone to truly save them both through the King’s wrath and specific death.
Because of the right time she wed Henry, he had been 52 as well as in sick wellness. Catherine ingratiated herself into the master by becoming a mother to their three kids: Catherine of Aragon’s Mary, Anne Boleyn’s Elizabeth, and Jane Seymour’s Edward. She actually is the one who restored Mary and Elizabeth’s royal standing therefore that they might come in the type of succession.
During her reign, Catherine ended up being the initial queen of England and Ireland; she has also been the queen most abundant in diplomatic impact since Catherine of Aragon, as she served as regent whenever Henry traveled to France once more. Catherine ended up being an advocate of reformation within the Church, Protestantism. In reality, she published publications on prayer inside her own name—and ended up being the very very very first Queen of England to do this. So that it’s correct that she “fought for feminine education.” Before Henry VIII passed away January 28, 1547, he instructed that she be respected because the Queen of England even with their death—which is what occurred. She stepped down through the throne when Prince Edward, Jane Seymour’s son, had been prepared to ascend in 1547. This time around, she ended up being usually the one to re-marry, to gentleman associated with the court Thomas Seymour. She passed away September 5, 1548.
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