On my journey across Russia by train we passed through numerous tunnels and over numerous bridges, and noticed one thing strange at each one.

On my journey across Russia by train we passed through numerous tunnels and over numerous bridges, and noticed one thing strange at each one. | Thiết kế thi công kiến trúc nội ngoại thất tại Đồng Nai

High barbed cable fences preventing access beneath each major connection.

And guard homes at every tunnel portal.

I stumbled upon a railfan that is russian, in which the basis for these safety measures had been raised.

VeschiiOleg had written: as an example, the method of any severe connection is enclosed by way of a area of alienation with barbed cable, indications and armed guards.

Vlad wrote: We photograph the railway connection, for instance. The ВОХРовец is approaching us and politely is interested, but on which foundation are you currently using these pictures?

VeschiiOleg penned: ВОХРовец, in line with the statute associated with the guard service they don’t have liberties to go out of the center, those due to the territory he must not keep. But to call the police – easily. And then they will be right if on the fence, there are inscriptions about the prohibition of filming.

What exactly will be the ВОХРовец? It’s an abbreviation for Военизированная охрана – also known as Ведомственная охрана, Russian-language Wikipedia defines them since:

Specialised state departmental units that are armed for protecting structures, structures, cars, and cargo from illegal attacks. They usually have the best to utilize army and service firearms, along with service dogs, handcuffs, plastic batons, and spike strips utilized to prevent cars. Officials of state departmental security (established by federal state figures) have actually the ability to set up protocols on administrative offences, execute individual searches, examine products belonging to individuals, inspect automobiles and other procedural actions established because of the Code of Administrative Offences regarding the Russian Federation.

The Russian Railways are protected by the «Ведомственная охрана железнодорожного транспорта Российской Федерации» (Departmental safety provider of Railway Transport associated with the Russian Federation) – who describe on their own as a result:

The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection associated with the Federal Agency for Railway Transport” carries down its activities in line with the Resolution regarding the federal federal Government for the Russian Federation of 27, 2009, No. 540 “On Approval of this legislation on Departmental Protection regarding the Federal Agency for Railway Transport. june”

The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection of Railway Transport associated with the Russian Federation” for pretty much 90 years has guaranteed the security associated with the cargo being transported, the security of items additionally the fire security of railway transportation within the passions regarding the state, residents as well as the business “RZhD” all across the steel highways from Kaliningrad to Sakhalin.

Today the protection that is departmental of railway transportation has 68,000 workers, with more than 2400 things of railway infrastructure protected, including a lot more than 1900 most significant people.

A lot more than 400 fire inspectors execute fire prevention at fixed facilities and stock that is rolling. In constant readiness for action are 307 fire trains, including 67 specialised, with additional tactical abilities to eradicate emergencies with dangerous products.

In addition they showcase their work protecting bridges that are major.

As well as railway tunnels.

So just why are such security that is extensive in position?

Somebody on a railway that is russian asked the exact same concern, and were given various explanations:

Kirill N.Kravchenko The undeniable fact that the railway bridges are so heavily guarded is understandable, nobody doubts this is certainly necessary. But I’ve constantly wondered: exactly why are vehicle bridges not very zealously protected?

Victor Mikhailov in the eventuality of any sort of accident in the train such as for example bridge collapse, the results will likely to be far more significant in comparison to a road connection. Any vehicle has time for you to stop seeing ahead for the barrier. In addition road bridges are much more numerous than train connection, it is therefore impractical to protect most of the bridges (how to locate countless guards).

Novikov S.V. its easier for road automobiles to get a detour, or engineering troops can erect a pontoon bridge that is temporary. Blowing up a railway connection means paralysis that is complete of path before the connection is wholly restored.

Sura i am aware that people are dealing with “big” unique bridges. Standard railway bridge throughout the river that is small be restored really quick area from pre-prepared sets. Actually, that’s why they’re not protected.

But this Russian-language article in Евразия Вести suggests an infinitely more most most likely explanation – Soviet-era paranoia.

After the October Revolution railway facilities of strategic importance had been underneath the security of this armed forces division; security of “external purchase, deanery and general public safety” ended up being performed by elements of the railway guard together with authorities. Cargoes, home and ways were underneath the care of watchmen, have been in complete subordination to those whoever good they’d protected.

The protection of railways and the increase of their efficiency” in order to strengthen the leadership, in March 1918 a special decree was adopted “On the centralisation of management. By the decree associated with the government of July 17 of the identical 12 months, underneath the People’s Commissariat of Railways (NKPS), any office of Protection had been founded.

The squad on a lawn included transportation specialists. They fought decisively against stowaways and people whom attempted to transport items without re re payment, as well as monitoring the effectiveness of rolling stock usage. It had been envisaged to increase the true wide range of security staff to 70 thousand individuals.

The authorities could not tolerate chaos and theft in the railways. Looters slice the telegraph cables. Profiteers swarmed trains, like locusts. Concealed had been robbers, bandits as well as other element that is criminal.

The NKPS had been obligated to simply simply just take extreme measures. During the channels, warehouses, warehouses temporarily formed non-military protection. In terms of bridges along with other structures maybe perhaps maybe not guarded by troops, in addition to railway songs, they went underneath the tutelage of local authorities, which formed out of brigade workers.

Some few propaganda videos

A video clip through the Voronezh branch to mark 95 several years of railway guards, whom protect the Southern Eastern Railway buy mail order bride.

And through the Samara branch, who protect the railway connection within the Volga River in the Kuybyshev Railway.

Footnote

Ministry of Railways for the USSR directive No-298y «Типовые решения по оборудованию инженерными средствами охраны на искусственных сооружениях, охраняемых военизированной охраной МПС» (Typical solutions for equipping engineering facilities for security on man-made structures protected by paramilitary security regarding the Ministry of Railways) dated 2 February 1990 details the fencing criteria around restricted areas.

Prior to clause 2.1.1, the boundaries associated with the limited area are protected by way of a barbed wire fence (tape or inter inter net) in 12 threads 2 m extreme. Within the surface, these are typically designated by indicators 2 m high above the bottom surface, installed across the fence line from the inside through every 50 meters within the enclosure regarding the area that is restricted be arranged gates and wickets. Prior to clause 2.2.3, from the view articles, led (rotary) floodlights for the PFS type (without contacts) or other narrow-beam floodlights are created to boost the equipping associated with surface outside of the limited area. According to paragraph 4.1, posts when it comes to security of synthetic structures.

Whilst the «По организации работы караулов ФГП ВО ЖДТ РФ» (process of organising the actions of Departmental safety provider of Railway Transport of this Federation that is russian 21 September 2010 specifies one other protection features needed.

In accordance with clause 2.4.1 associated with the manual a security system is established to give you security when it comes to protected item, including: guard, articles, requests, areas and roads, surveillance sectors, engineering and technical method of security, articles of solution dogs, means and other forces. Gear posts should give you the guard: an acceptable summary of all chapters of the post as well as the surrounding area; adequate lighting associated with ways to the thing, its most crucial points; absence of illumination (blinding) by lighting systems of protection gear and guards; the chance of centralised handling of the complete illumination system or a small grouping of fixtures, as well as in necessary instances, split lights (projectors).

Gear of limited areas includes: their fencing, checkpoint, indicators, indicative and delimiting indications, a safety illumination system, technical safety gear, postal interaction and signalling, guard articles, protective structures. With respect to the nature for the item and also the conditions of their location, the fence is made all over border for the web web site in addition to boundaries of this limited areas. Whenever erecting a fence, it should be considered so it must certanly be rectilinear, without unneeded bends observation that is limiting no less than one . 5 meters in height. To it must not adjoin any structures. The approaches to the post and the protected object should be illuminated so that the sentry, being on the post or moving along the site of the post, was in the shade in the darkness of the day. According to the established procedure, safety illumination should offer lighting during the boundaries.

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